– “Political spectrum” is an arbitrary construction, so technically any spectrum is correct. But the mainstream concept puts communism on left and capitalism/liberalism on the right (not “dictators”).
– Fascism came as an opposition to communism, hence its “right” label; the label came from fascists themselves, like Giovani Gentile the father of fascist thought.
– Anarchism doesn’t represent “without law”; it defends self-government. Proudhon wasn’t even a revolutionary, believed the transition would happen naturally as humans evolved. (Whether you believe it’s possible, feasible or probable, it’s another story.) The video smoothly mixes anarchism & anarchy: “everyone must be armed”, “riot”, “looting”. Then the video goes further, makes anarchism = chaos, and feeds on our repulsion of the worst 20th century evils, Russia and Nazi Germany: “created chaos that brought them to power”. But both bolsheviks and nazis were opposed by anarchists.
– In a democracy, the majority is not above the law. Greek democracies were routinely ran down by revolts, but it wasnt a case of “mob rule”.
– res publica = the public thing = the law?!?! Cicero used “res publica” as a translation of the greek politeia, just that.
– Romans: “they went from a republic to a democracy, ended up with an oligarchy under the Caesars”. He probably refers to the plebeian phase of the republic. Under the video’s definition, it wasnt a democracy since there was still rule of law. Still using those definitions, Rome remained a republic that fell apart to civil unrest until Caesar took over. Reasons for that abound; I personally favor the widening gap between aristocracy and pleb.
Sophismata, the video acknowledges and rejects that mainstream definition which puts fascism on the right – actually, most of Libertarian/Old Right analysts, as the Christopher Nolan, do the exact same thing. Also it’s discussing the feasibility, not the ideal form of any form of government, that’s why it’s rejecting the existence of a real-life monarchy, and also an actual, orderly, anarchy. Thirdly, a constitutional democratic republic is one in which it’s difficult even for the majorty to change the constitution, as a buffer against the tiranny of the majorty. The classic definition of democracy as mob rule comes from Plato and Aristotle, who described it as a decadent form of politeia, the good republic. This definitionwas still in use by the time of Enlightenment. Finally, Julius Caesar was a populist who used lower class anxiety to gain power against Roman republican institutions – this “class struggle” turned an open yet imperfect society into one subjected to the whims of crazy tyrants, as Nero, Caligula, Heliogabalus et caterva.
“the video acknowledges and rejects that mainstream definition”. Not true: the video says “there is confusion”, but if there is a mainstream definition then there is no confusion at all. During the so-called acknowledgment, the video puts “dictators” on the far right: not true, see Stalin or Kim Il-Sung. It’s understandable modern right-wing analysts would want to place fascism on the left, but it’s incorrect to advertise a “confusion”, or to say “those that place fascism on the right never explain why”.
About anarchism, like I said, the feasibility is another story. The video goes from theoretical classical definitions (even breaking down etymology) to the mundane conotation (“created chaos that brought them to power”), which is at least misleading.
About this: “a constitutional democratic republic is one in which it’s difficult even for the majorty to change the constitution”. There are dozens of examples of constitutional republics which got ran down by mobs in coup-de-etats, and that is exactly what happened on greek city-states. It wasn’t the lack of laws, or the over-empowering of the majority. The rule of law is only as strong as the respect for it by the people.
About the fall of the Roman Republic, the plebeian issue was in place before JC’s parents were born. It has to do with patrician land-grabbing earlier, not with tyrants populism later. Even the video gets this one right that.